St. Petersburg - the Cultural Capital of Russia


Eastern Europe, the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finland)

Time Zone

GMT +3, Eastern +8


5 million


1400 square kilometers

Main river

Neva. The city is located in the delta of the Neva River on numerous islands, a fact which prompted some observers to call it “The City on 101 Islands”

Main natural phenomena

White Nights, Floods

Origin of the name

Named in honor of St. Peter and not Peter the Great, the founder of the city. The name can be translated as “The City of St. Peter”. St. Petersburg, FL was named in honor of St. Petersburg, Russia by Russian-born railroad builder Piotr Dementyev (Peter Demens)

Name changes

May, 1703 - August, 1914 St. Petersburg
August, 1914 - February, 1924 Petrograd
February, 1924 - July, 1991 Leningrad
July, 1991 - Present St. Petersburg


“The Venice of the North” (referring to St. Petersburg’s many rivers and canals)
“The Palmyra of the North”
“The Northern Capital of Russia” (referring to the centuries-old rivalry between St. Petersburg and Moscow)


the Angel with a Cross (weather-vane on top of the Peter and Paul Cathedral)
the Little Ship - Korablik (weather-vane on top of the Admiralty tower)

The Seal

A sea anchor and a river anchor with a scepter - a symbol of royal power - on a red fi eld

Local government

The Governor and the Governor’s Office, The Legislative Assembly


20 administrative districts, including satellite towns under St. Petersburg’s jurisdiction

Main cultural attractions

The Hermitage Museum
The Mariinsky Opera and Ballet Theater
The Imperial palace and park ensemble at Peterhof


Pulkovo-2 International

Sea port

Passenger terminal on Vasilievsky Island